Drainage Installation Guide for Pensacola

We provide complete drainage installation and landscaping services in the Pensacola, FL area. Call today for a quote (850) 736-9643

Drainage Installation Guide

  1. Grading French
  2. Drains Drain
  3. Basins Channel
  4. Drains Dry Well
  5. Sump Pump
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Every drainage problem requires a site assesment to determine the optimum solution.

There are a myriad of drainage mitigation strategies that can be combined in a number of ways.

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Drain Basin

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Flooded Yard

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Connected Gutter to Corrugated Pipe

Grading

What is grading?

Grading is the process of shaping the surface of the earth. In reference to drainage mitigation, it is the most effective strategy, but is not feasible in every situation. If the grade of the landscape is properly adjusted, it will rarely become overwhelmed or fail, and requires almost zero maintenance.

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Pros and Cons of Grading

Pros

  • Requires little to no maintenance
  • In most applications, will never fail or become overwhelmed
  • Permanent solution

Cons

  • Moving earth is labor intensive and thus expensive
  • Process typically includes removing existing sod or other vegetation
  • Requires some kind of soil stabilization to hold the loose soil after grading (rock, sod, mulch) which will add cost
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Lazer Level to Check Grade

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Skid Steer Moving Soil

French Drains

What is a French Drain?

  • A French drain is a perforated pipe (the pipe has holes pre drilled) that allows the groundwater and surface water to get into the pipe and be carried away
  • The pipe is placed in a trench and surrounded by gravel which helps filter the soil and protect the pipe
  • Slow acting drainage system
  • Good for low lying areas or areas that stay wet long after rain events
  • Can be used in conjunction with drain boxes to address surface water
  • Typically wrapped in a permeable tarp to allow water in, but keep soil out

Do I need a french drain?

If you have an area where water sits or is wet more than one hour after a rain event, and it is killing or stressing the vegetation or making concrete/foundation settle, you may need a french drain.

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Drain Basins

What is a Drain Basin?

A Drain basin is a box or tub designed to catch surface water and transfer the water to a pipe. Drain basins come in multiple shapes, colors and sizes.

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Drain basins are versatile and can be installed in line with a french drain or solid pipe system.

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Installation Pictures

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Channel Drains

What is a Channel Drain?

A channel drain is typically used on concrete or other paved surfaces. This creates space for water to flow to avoid pooling on the hard surface.

Applications

Channel drains create a neat and durable solution for paved surfaces. They can be installed in:

  • Driveways
  • Sidewalks
  • Flowerbeds
  • Pool patios

 

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channel-drain-application

Process

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If installing in existing concrete, a channel is cut out approximately 2.5" wider than the new channel drain

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The new channel drain is positioned below the grade of the existing concrete

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The channel drain is connected to a pipe that leads to a termination point

New concrete is poured around the new channel drain!

Dry Wells

What is a Dry Well?

A dry well is an underground well thats allows collected water to infiltrate the soil.

In our area, there is usually a layer of clay that prevents surface water from quickly infiltrating the soil.

A Dry well bypasses this clay layer, allowing water to drain faster.

Application

Dry wells are effective in fixing low lying areas where there is a moderate amount of standing water, but there are no feasible means of piping the water out.

Typically, dry wells are much less expensive that other types of drainage solutions

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Process

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Digging/Auguring the dry well

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Perforate pipe is installed in the well

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Gravel is installed around the pipe

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Sod, Rock, or a drainage basin is installed over the entrance to the dry well

Sod, Rock, or a drainage basin is installed over the entrance to the dry well

Sump Pumps

What is a Sum Pump?

A sump pump is an electric pump that has a float switch.

They are typically installing inside of a drainage basin.

When water enters the drain basin, the float switch turns to pump "ON" until the water level recedes and the water is pumped away.

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Applications

Sump pumps are effective solutions for low lying areas with extreme amounts of water- with no other feasible options to fix the drainage. Sump pumps are typically very expensive to install. Electricity must be available near the sump pump.

Major drawbacks:

  • They can become clogged/overwhelmed
  • If the electricity goes out, the pump does not function
  • Usually requires grading to channel water

Process

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Grading surrounding area for optimum flow

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Area is repair and resodded

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Pump installed in the basin

Need drainage installation service in Pensacola?

We provide complete residential and commercial drainage installation and landscaping services in the entire Pensacola, Florida area. Click below or Give us a call today (850) 736-9643

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